Eight things about Ghana power cuts

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By Sammy Darko
BBC Africa, Accra

Ghana has been experiencing power outages for the last three years, making them the longest the country has experienced. Here are some consequences you may not have expected.

An annoying buzzing

When you walk through central Accra, you hear this annoying buzz. It’s like the buzz of a mosquito in your ear.

It comes from all the businesses that are using generators. The more expensive generators are quiet but many places can only afford the cheaper ones.

This buzzing taunts you in your bed as well if, like me, you don’t have a generator but your neighbour does. You’re not only sweltering in the heat but disturbed by the noise as well.

The president is renamed


President John Mahama AKA Mr Dumsor
Whenever there is a crisis in Ghana that a politician doesn’t fix, they get a nickname for it.

This time, President John Mahama has been nicknamed Mr Dumsor after the popular word for the power outages.

Dumsor is formed from two Twi words – “dum” and “sor” meaning “off” and “on” respectively.

Mr Mahama has even publicly acknowledged his new nickname and laughs about it.

More ‘family time’

Less football with the boys – more talking with the wife
A female friend told me that now there’s no football on the TV she has suddenly become more attractive to her husband.

Now, she said, “we play our own game”. And yes, that is a euphemism.

Families are also spending more time talking to each other instead of being glued to social media as the charge on our phones and laptops runs out.

Babies delivered by phone light

Some hospitals don’t have the money to constantly run generators.

A health worker uses a mobile phone at Accra’s Kaneshie polyclinic during a power cut
So when the lights have gone out, midwives have used torches or the light on their mobile phones to deliver babies.

The first thing some babies may see is a mobile phone

Better diet

People are now eating more fresh food
Even people who have generators at home tend to turn them off at midnight. This means you can’t freeze your food.

For me this is a positive thing. My wife used to cook stew and light soup in bulk for the week and freeze it.

This has stopped our quarrels over food.

Now that our fridge has effectively become a cupboard – everything we eat is freshly cooked. Yum.

Bills have halved

More money in your pocket… if you don’t spend it on fuel for your generator
Another positive outcome for me is that my electricity bill has gone down by half.

It is common for people in Ghana to use a pre-paid electricity meter, so the savings have come in straight away.

More time in the car

People are retreating to their cars to cool off
Some people are cooling off and listening to the radio in their cars before going to bed.

So engines are turned on with full air conditioning for two hours to escape the heat. Some even sleep in their cars when the heat is unbearable.

A film star and rapper get political

Sarkodie is rapping about the power outage
An actress and a rapper aren’t the first people who come to mind as political campaigners. But actress Yvonne Nelson and rapper Sarkodie have been shouting the loudest about the outages. Nelson has been urging people to tweet the president. And Sarkodie has even released a song about the power outages. The two have united to put on a vigil in protest.

But it is unusual for celebrities to get involved in Ghanaian politics and they have come in for criticism. A former presidential aide, Alhaji Halidu Haruna, suggested that celebrities who were campaigning did not sound “reasonable” because they were “engaged in prostitution”. This did not go down well and he has since apologised.

And a few less surprising consequences:

• Increased demand for solar energy

• Increased imports of generators

• Students sweltering in exam halls

• More phone-charging points popping up

• Phone apps created… to countdown to power rationing

• Businesses laying off staff as production has decreased

BBC © 2015

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